Art of the 19th Century

Landscapes and Interiors

The Staatliche Kunsthalle Karlsruhe contains one of Germany’s most extensive collections of 19th century painting. Visitors interested in the visual worlds of Romanticism, the Biedermeier period and the beginnings of Modernism can acquaint themselves with these epochs in all their diversity. On display at the Kunsthalle are landscapes by Josef Anton Koch, Caspar David Friedrich, Arnold Böcklin and Lovis Corinth, portraits by Wilhelm Leibl, Hans von Marées and Friedrich Overbeck, as well as interior scenes and still lifes by Georg Friedrich Kersting, Adolf Menzel and Carl Schuch.


Moreover, the Kunsthalle’s collection of works by painters who taught or studied at the art academy in Karlsruhe is unique among museums in Germany. The whole oeuvre of the Staatliche Akademie der Bildenden Künste’s founding director, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, is represented here: from his now-famous oil paintings to his large-scale landscape paintings. The museum also boasts a collection of works by the ‘German-Roman’ artist Anselm Feuerbach that is unparalleled in scope, as well as the largest inventory of works by the former director of the Kunsthalle, Hans Thoma.


In addition to its German works, the 19th century collection also focuses on French art, from the Romantic painting of Eugène Delacroix to Camille Pissarro’s and Claude Monet’s Impressionist landscapes. Early portraits by Edouard Manet and Edgar Degas, landscapes by Camille Corot, Gustave Courbet, Charles-François Daubigny, Paul Gauguin and Paul Cézanne, as well as sculptural ensembles by Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, Honoré Daumier and Auguste Rodin reveal the surprising variety present within this brilliant epoch of French art.